A new Generation of Optical Filters Performance Response for Different Categories of Signal Filtering

Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed

Abstract


Optical filters are a fundamental part of spectrometric measurements of ultraviolet (UV), visible and infrared (IR) radiation. In the present paper, optical filter is considered as a part of an optical system that has the purpose of modifying the intensity, polarization or, in particular, the spectral distribution of light. A beam of light enters through an aperture, is modified, and exits through one or more apertures. For reconfigurable filters a signal is applied to tune the filter’s properties or change between different configurations. Filters of some sort are essential to the operation of most electronic circuits. It is therefore in the interest of anyone involved in electronic circuit design to have the ability to develop filter circuits capable of meeting a given set of specifications. Optical filters are made from glass that absorbs specific wavelengths of the spectrum. They are relatively inexpensive and are very durable under most conditions. Frequency response, signal quality, bit error rates and filter gain in dB are the major interesting parameters for different categories of signal filtering under operation considerations. Capacitance values for filter circuits are estimated based on known corner wavelength for different optical transmission bands.

Keywords


RC low pass filter, RC high pass filter, RLC low pass filter, RLC high pass filter, Filter gain, Signal quality, bit error rate and Frequency response.

References


V. M. Lubecke, K. Mizuno, and G. M. Rebeiz, "Micromachining for Terahertz Applications," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory & Tech., Vol. 46, No. 11, pp. 1821-1831, Nov. 1998.

P. F. Goldsmith, "Quasi Optical Techniques," Proc. of the IEEE, Vol. 80, No. 11, pp. 1729-1747, Nov. 1992.

C.Y. Chi and G. M. Rebeiz, "A Quasi Optical Amplifier," IEEE Microwave & Guided Wave Letters, Vol. 3, No. 6, pp. 164-166, June 1993.

P. Arcioni, M. Bozzi, G. Conciauro, and L. Perregrini, "Design and Optimization of Quasi Optical Frequency Multipliers," Intern. Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves, Vol. 20, No. 5, pp. 913-928, May 1999.

D. A. Weitz, W. J. Skocpol, and M. Tinkham, "Capacitive Mesh Output Couplers for Optically Pumped Far Infrared Lasers," Optics Letters, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 13-15, July 1978.

R. D. Rawclie and C. M. Randall, "Metal Mesh Interference Filters for the Far Infrared," Applied Optics, Vol. 6, pp. 1353-1358, 1967.

B. A. Munk, Frequency Selective Surfaces: Theory and Design. New York: Wiley Interscience, 2000.

R. Belikov and O. Solgaard, “Optical Wavelength Filtering by Diffraction from A surface Relief,” Optics Letters, Vol. 28, No. 6, pp. 447–449, 2003.

S. Sumriddetchkajorn, “Micromechanics Based Digitally Controlled Tunable Optical Beam Shaper,” Optics Letters, Vol. 28, No. 9, p. 737, 2002.

W. Noell, P. A. Clerc, L. Dellmann, B. Guldimann, H. P. Herzig, O. Manzardo, C. R. Marxer, K. J. Weible, R. Dandliker, and N. de Rooij, “Applications of SOI Based Optical Mems,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 148–154, 2002.

M. P. de Boer, D. L. Luck, W. R. Ashurst, R. Maboudian, A. D. Corwin, J. A. Walraven, and J. M. Redmond, “High Performance Surface Micro machined Inchworm Actuator,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 63–74, 2004.

N. A. Hall and F. L. Degertekin, “Integrated Optical Interferometric Detection Method for Micromachined Capacitive Acoustic Transducers,” Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 80, No. 20, pp. 3859–3861, 2002.

N. Neumann, M. Heinze, H. Stegbauer, K. Hiller, and S. Kurth, “Micromechanical Tunable Fabry Perot Filter for Ir Gas Analysis,” Technisches Messen, Vol. 72, No. 1, pp. 10–15, 2005.

O. Manzardo, R. Michaely, F. Schadelin, W. Noell, T. Overstolz, N. De Rooij, and H. P. Herzig, “Minature Lamellar Grating Interferometer Based on Silicon Technology,” Optics Letters, Vol. 29, No. 13, pp. 1437–1439, 2004.

H. Sagberg, M. Lacolle, I. R. Johansen, O. Lovhaugen, R. Belikov, O. Solgaard, and A. S. Sudbo, “Micromechanical Gratings for Visible and Near Infrared Spectroscopy,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 604–613, 2004.

G. Griffel, “Synthesis of Optical Filters Using Ring Resonator Arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., Vol. 12, pp. 810–812, July 2000.

Abd El-Naser A. Mohammed, Mohamed M. E. El-Halawany, Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed, and Mohamoud M. Eid “Optical Add Drop Multiplexers with UW-DWDM Technique in Metro Optical Access Communication Networks,” Nonlinear Optics and Quantum Optics, Vol. 44, No. 1, pp. 25–39, 2012.

D. G. Rabus, M. Hamacher, H. Heidrich, and U. Troppenz, “High Q Channel Dropping Filters Using Ring Resonators With Integrated SOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., Vol. 14, pp. 1442–1444, Oct. 2002.

D. G. Rabus, M. Hamacher, and H. Heidrich, “Resonance Frequency Tuning of A double Ring Resonator on GaInAsP/Inp: Experiment and Simulation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 41, No. 2B, pp. 1186–1189, Feb. 2002.

R. Grover, V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, P. P. Absil, L. C. Calhoun, F. G. Johnson, J. V. Hryniewicz, and P.-T. Ho, “Parallel Cascaded Semiconductor Microring Resonators for High Order and Wide FSR filters,” J. Lightwave Technol., Vol. 20, pp. 900–905, May 2002.

Y. Yanagase, S. Suzuki, Y. Kokubun, and S. T. Chu, “Vertical Triple Series Coupled Microring Resonator Filter for Passband Flattening and Expansion of Free Spectral Range,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 41, No. 2A, pp. L141–L143, Feb. 2002.

A. Diez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, “Dynamic Fiber Optic Add Drop Multiplexer Using Bragg Grating and Acousto Optic Induced Coupling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., Vol. 15, pp. 84–86, Jan. 2003.

S. S. Lee, H. S. Kim, I. K. Hwang, and S. H. Yun, “Highly-efficient broadband acoustic transducer for all-fiber acousto-optic devices,” Electron. Lett., vol. 39, pp. 1309–1310, 2003.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




 


All Rights Reserved © 2012 IJARCSEE


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.