A Detailed Comparison of Various Architectures for Multimedia-based Applications

ASADULLAH KHAN, ADNAN KHAN, TAHSEEN ULLAH, KALSOOM ALI

Abstract


In the field of Multimedia processing, the efficient processing of multimedia applications (MMA’s) is one of the main issues. For processing MMAs many architectures have been proposed such as SIMD architectures, VLIW, superscalar (general-purpose processor enhanced with a multimedia extension such as MMX), vector architectures, and reconfigurable computing devices. The question then arises: which architecture can make sure the full use of the characteristic features of MMAs the most? In this paper, first, we explain the characteristics of MMAs, after that we discuss the different architectures that have been proposed for processing MMAs. Afterwards, they are compared based on their ability to exploit the characteristics of MMAs. Superscalar processors with dynamic out-of-order scheduling provide higher performance than VLIW processors and from superscalar processors with in-order scheduling. Because superscalar architectures include complicated control logic for out-of-order execution, and because VLIW processors have to decode every instruction slot in parallel and need a register file with multiple read and write ports, they are more complex than single-issue vector architectures.

Keywords


Architectures, VLIW, SIMD, MMA extensions

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