Zigbee Technology for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) and application in automatic car parking system

Mala Aggarwal, Simmi Aggarwal, R.S. Uppal

Abstract


Automatic multi-stored car parking system is very good substitute for car parking area in the era of miniaturization, where space has become a very big problem. It’s become a very crucial necessity to avoid the wastage of space in modern, big companies and apartments etc. For example, in a space where more than 100 cars need to be parked regularly, it’s a very difficult task to do so. This Automatic Car Parking allows any number of cars can be park according to requirement by enabling the parking of vehicles, floor after floor and thus reducing the space used. This makes the system modern and evens a space-saving one. This idea is developed using AVR ATMEGA 16 Microcontroller based on Zigbee Technology for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). WSN is seen as one of the most promising contemporary technologies for bridging the physical and virtual world thus, enabling them to interact. A WSN is composed of a number of sensor nodes, which are usually deployed in a region to observe particular phenomena in a geospatial domain. Sensor nodes are small stand alone embedded devices that are designed to perform specified simple computation and to send and receive data. They have attached them to a number of sensors, gathering data from the local environment that is being monitored.

Keywords


Alfa Vizad RISC (AVR) Microcontroller, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (IEEE), ZigBee module, Wireless sensor networks (WSN), Wireless personal area Network (WPAN).

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