Wavelength Variation Approach in Single Mode-Multimode-Single Mode Optical Fiber as a Bending Sensor

Abdul Samee Khan, Prof. Mohd. Sarwar Raeen

Abstract


Multimode interference in optical waveguides has interesting self-imaging properties, which have extensively been investigated and utilized in many integrated optical devices. Multimode interference has also been explored in optical fibers in order to realize fiber devices, including sensors. A basic structure of these devices has been the Single mode –Multimode – Single mode (SMS) fiber section concatenation. This dissertation describes theoretical and numerical investigations on multimode interference (MMI) devices using a single mode-multimode-single mode (SMS) fiber structure for possible use as bending sensor using wavelength variation technique. Several aspects of the SMS edge filters have been investigated, including the effect of bending the SMS fiber cores due to fabrication tolerances, polarization dependence, and temperature dependence. These aspects can impair the performance of a wavelength measurement system. There are several approaches which have been proposed and demonstrated to achieve high resolution and accuracy of wavelength measurement. Bending effects due to the splicing process on the spectral characteristics of SMS fiber structure are investigated experimentally with the help of MATLAB. A limit for the tolerable of the cores of an SMS fiber structure based sensor is proposed, beyond which the fiber spectral performance degrades unacceptably. We use Wavelength variation approach by which we can measure the bending more accurately in optical waveguide, as compare to recent sensors. Due to the power loss the power transmission is decreases and efficiency also reduces. So by wavelength variation approach we developed an efficient spectrometer capable of performing a wide variety of coherent multidimensional measurements at optical wavelengths. In this approach we fixed the power and calculate the variation in the wavelength to sense the bending accurately. We apply our algorithm for performing several comparison considerations which shows the performance of our algorithm which is better in comparison to the previous work.

Keywords


Single mode Fiber, Multi-Mode Fiber, Power Loss, Bending

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