ANALYSIS OF NUTRIENT CONTENT IN THE SOIL USING ISFET VIA GSM FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL INDIA

K. Bhargavi, Saumya Aiyappan

Abstract


On the analysis of the characteristics of current agricultural scenario in Rural India,we put forward the concept ofa faster andmore efficient solution for soil sampling by the use of Global System of Mobile communication(GSM) for accurate fertilizer recommendation. In this paper, an overview of the challenges faced by the Indian farmers in increasing crop productivity is shown. The working of integrated ISFET(Ion sensitive Field Effect sensorfor measurement of ion concentration ( H+, NO3-, Na+, Ca2+,K+) in the soil is discussed. It is followed by the implementation of electronic prototyping tool, Arduino for interfacing the sensor with the cellular phone along with a brief analysis of GSM connectivity in remote villages. The GSM acts as a mechanism in bridging the gap between the farmer and the Soil testing Laboratory. A case study on the village,VelliangattuPudhur, Erode district, Tamil Nadu has been presented.

Keywords


Soil sampling, crop productivity, Global System of Mobile communication, ISFET, Arduino

References


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