Detection of Malicious node by Black Hole attack in Wireless Sensor Network based on Data Mining

Nitin A. Sakhare, Nilesh U. Sambhe


A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a temporary network set up by wireless mobile computers (or nodes) moving arbitrary in the places that have no network infrastructure. Since the nodes communicate with each other, they cooperate by forwarding data packets to other nodes in the network. Therefore the nodes find a path to the destination node using routing protocols. However, due to security vulnerabilities of the routing protocols, wireless Sensor Networks are unprotected to attacks of the malicious nodes. One of the most malicious threats to WSN is in the form of black hole attack that target the routing protocols. Ad-hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) Routing Protocol is used for finding a path to the destination in an ad-hoc network. To find the path to the destination all nodes work in cooperation using the routing control messages. AODV Routing Protocol offers quick adaptation to dynamic network conditions, low processing and memory overhead, low network bandwidth utilization with small size control messages. A wireless sensor network consists of a large number of small sensors with limited energy. Clustering the sensor nodes is an effective technique to achieve these goals. Network is divided into number of clusters. Nodes are assigned to the cluster having minimum distance to the cluster head having maximum energy. The distance is calculated using Euclidean Distance Formula. We propose a new protocol, RAEED (Robust formally Analyzed protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Deployment), which is able to address the problem of black hole attacks. Using formal modeling we prove that RAEED avoids Black Hole attack.


Wireless Sensor Network, Black Hole Attack, Cluster Head, AODV


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