Literature Review on the Diabetic Retinopathy in Retinal Images

Mona N. Alsaleem, Mohamed A. Berbar

Abstract


Diabetes is one of the most harmful disease of our age and  that’s because of the fast and unhealthy pace of our lives. Numbers are still rising and the number of people getting diabetes is increasing around the world, one of the most recognizable side effects of Diabetes is Diabetic Retinopathy that might lead to total loss of sight in the diabetic patients and that’s if it is not detected and medicated early, for the importance of early detection of this disease there is a great effort in the literature to early detect Diabetic Retinopathy, a literature review is introduced in this report to cover the different aspects of retinopathy and its detection methods. In this review we try to cover a great part of the literature and our review based on two parts: the first  part  about the detection of the lesions of the Diabetic Retinopathy including hemorrhages, microaneurysm and exudates. The second part is about the measuring of different severity level of diabetic retinopathy and its detection and classification systems.


Keywords


Diabetic retinopathy, Medical Images, Retinal images, Feature extraction, Segmentation

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